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Intro

Hiragana

By adding the diacritic ゛or ゜ to the upper-right corner of some characters, you can make their beginning consonant voiced or change it to p, respectively. For example, ゛ changes k to g, s to z, and t to d. Note that ゛ changes h and f to b. On the other hand, ゜changes h and f to p. All characters that can be marked by these diacritics are listed in the following table:

ga

gi

gu

ge

go

za

ji

zu

ze

zo

da

ji

zu

de

do

ba

bi

bu

be

bo

pa

pi

pu

pe

po

Use our online exercises to practice hiragana when you will finish reading introducing

 

The syllables ji and zu are usually represented by じ and ず, respectively, but they are represented by ぢ and づ in some limited cases, as in the following examples:

つづく (tsuzuku) - to continue

はなぢ (hanaji) - nose bleeding

ちぢむ (chijimu) - to shrink