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Intro

Hiragana

To express the brief abrupt pause found in double consonants, use the small つ tsu.

For example, kitte (postage stamp) is written as きって.

 

To represent a long vowel (a:, i:, u:, e:, o:):

for [あ][か][さ] and others syllable that ends on ‘a’ add [あ], for example:

おかあさん(okaasan)- mother

for [い][き][し] and others syllable that ends on ‘i’ add [い], for example:

いいえ(iie) - нет

for [う][く][す] and others syllable that ends on ‘u’ add [う], for example:

ゆうめい(yuumei) - famous

for [え][け][せ] and others syllable that ends on ‘e’ add [い], for example:

がくせい(gakusei) - student

for [お][こ][そ] and others syllable that ends on ‘o’ add [う], for example:

がっこう(gakkou) - school

There are few exceptions:

Sometimes, to represent a long vowel for [え][け][せ] and others syllable that ends on ‘e’ add [え], for example:おねえさん(onee-san) - older sister

 

Sometimes, to represent a long vowel for [お][こ][そ] and others syllable that ends on ‘o’ add [お],

for example:おおきい(ookii) - big