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Intro

Hiragana

Japanese syllables may begin with a palatalized consonant, a consonant pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the roof of the mouth. To express such syllables, use the hiragana that has the consonant you need and the vowel i and add smallや ya, ゆ yu, or よ yo, depending on the vowel you need.

For example, to represent kya, use the letter き ki because it has the consonant k and the vowel i, and add a small やya because it has the vowel a.

The following table lists all such palatalized syllables:

きゃ

kya

きゅ

kyu

きょ

kyo

ぎゃ

gya

ぎゅ

gyu

ぎょ

gyo

しゃ

sha

しゅ

shu

しょ

sho

じゃ

ja

じゅ

ju

じょ

jo

ちゃ

cha

ちゅ

chu

ちょ

cho

ぢゃ

ja

ぢゅ

ju

ぢょ

jo

にゃ

nya

にゅ

nyu

にょ

nyo

ひゃ

hya

ひゅ

hyu

ひょ

hyo

びゃ

bya

びゅ

byu

びょ

byo

ぴゃ

pya

ぴゅ

pyu

ぴょ

pyo

みゃ

mya

みゅ

myu

みょ

myo

りゃ

rya

りゅ

ryu

りょ

ryo

Use our online exercises to practice katakana when you will finish reading introducing