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Word order

Particle は(wa) topic

This particle は(wa) is used to show what one is talking about, or the subject of the sentence.

It can be thought to mean as for or speaking of . . . and represent a topic where the rest of the sentence is some statement about it.

は is read as wa when used as a topic-marking particle, but it is read as ha in all other contexts.

 

この      ほん    は     あかい      です。

(Kono      hon      wa     akai           desu)

This book is red or (As for this book, it is red)

 

わたし    は   がくせい  です。

(watashi   wa   gakusei   desu)

I am a student (As for me, I am a student)