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Nouns

Personal pronouns

To refer to people in terms of first, second, and third person, use personal pronouns.In japanese personal pronouns are not changed in different grammatical cases. For example: he and himare the same in japanese.

Personal pronouns are usually omitted when understood in the context in Japanese. You should not use of あなた anata (you) because it is not polite. You can drop it or replace it with the name of the person.

The following table lists frequently used personal pronouns in Japanese:

  speech style singular plural  
First person(neutral) Polite/neutral わたし(watashi) わたしたち(watashi-tachi) I / we
Second person(neutral) Polite/neutral あなた(anata) あなたたち(anata-tachi) you
Third person(neutral) Polite/neutral かれ(kare) かれら(karera) he,she,it / they
First person(male) Plain/informal ぼく(boku) ぼくたち(boku-tachi) I / we
First person(female) Plain/informal あたし(atashi) あたしたち(atashi-tachi) I / we